Country profile



General Statistics:

  • Population: 3.55 million (2016 Domestic Statistical Office Estimate)
  • GDP: US$6.5 billion (2015, World Bank estimate)
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions: 11.7 million metric tons gross emissions in 1998 (10.9 million metric tons net, accounting for LULUCF), on a carbon-dioxide equivalent basis.
  • Energy use per capita: 120,820 Kg of oil, 2013

Important Initiatives related to Climate Change:

INDC: In its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), submitted to the UNFCCC in 2015, Moldova set a target of reducing emissions 64-67% below 1990 levels by 2030. The text of Moldova’s INDC can be viewed here.

NEEAP: Moldova has elaborated its 2016-2018 draft National Energy Efficiency Action Plan and is currently waiting for its adoption in the Parliament. This version can be found here (currently only in Romanian).


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UNEP Experts Roster

November 20, 2016

This website makes available relevant UNEP experts.


LEDS GP Development Impact Assessment Toolkit

November 20, 2016

This tool has been designed to help identify other tools that best serve the needs of the analysis at hand.

Knowledge exchange

Underwriting 1.5°C: competitive approaches to financing accelerated climate change mitigation

February 6, 2018

Taking lessons from the WB's Pilot Auction Facility, the paper shows how auctioned price floors are more efficient than traditional subsidies.

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