Country profile



General Statistics:

  • Population: 1.96 million (2016 Population Indicators)
  • GDP: US$27 billion (2015, World Bank estimate)
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions: 11.0 million metric tons gross emissions in 2012 (-1.3 million metric tons net, accounting for LUCF), on a carbon-dioxide equivalent basis. Latvia’s 2016 National Inventory Report to the UNFCCC estimated 2014 emissions to be 15.6 million metric tons gross emissions (11.4 net, accounting for carbon sinks).
  • Energy use per capita: 2,159 kg of oil equivalent, 2013

Important Initiatives related to Climate Change:

INDC: As an EU member nation, Latvia’s commitment is contained within the larger European Union INDC, which commits its 28 members to a combined reduction of 40% below 1990 levels by 2030. The text of the European Union INDC can be viewed here.

NEEAP: Latvia has produced its 2016-2020 Energy Efficiency Action Plan. It can be found here (currently only in Latvian).


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Knowledge exchange

Clean Development Mechanism Pipeline

November 20, 2016

Includes the Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs/NDCs) that are submitted to the UNFCCC.

LEDS Newsletter

Issue3: The first LEDS-EEP webinar series continues!

September 19, 2017

This week, the LEDS-EEP continues its webinar programme series on “Tools and Methodologies for Municipal and Regional Sustainable Energy Planning”...

Trainings and webinars

An integrated planning framework for the development of sustainable and resilient cities (InSMART)

October 12, 2017

Rocco de Miglio and Alessandro Chiodi present InSMART, a novel step by step approach for developing city plans.

News and Events