Country profile



General Statistics:

  • Population: 1.96 million (2016 Population Indicators)
  • GDP: US$27 billion (2015, World Bank estimate)
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions: 11.0 million metric tons gross emissions in 2012 (-1.3 million metric tons net, accounting for LUCF), on a carbon-dioxide equivalent basis. Latvia’s 2016 National Inventory Report to the UNFCCC estimated 2014 emissions to be 15.6 million metric tons gross emissions (11.4 net, accounting for carbon sinks).
  • Energy use per capita: 2,159 kg of oil equivalent, 2013

Important Initiatives related to Climate Change:

INDC: As an EU member nation, Latvia’s commitment is contained within the larger European Union INDC, which commits its 28 members to a combined reduction of 40% below 1990 levels by 2030. The text of the European Union INDC can be viewed here.

NEEAP: Latvia has produced its 2016-2020 Energy Efficiency Action Plan. It can be found here (currently only in Latvian).


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November 20, 2016

The WorldScan model seeks to show effects on the world economy.

Libraries and Reports

South East Europe Electricity Roadmap - Regional Report 2017

September 21, 2017

The South East Europe Electricity Roadmap (SEERMAP) project develops electricity sector scenarios until 2050.


LEDS GP Low Emission Transport Toolkit

May 24, 2017

This toolkit helps users navigate a variety of resources to identify the most effective tools to build and implement low emission development strategies (LEDS) for the transport sector.

News and Events