Country profile



General Statistics:

  • Population: 1.96 million (2016 Population Indicators)
  • GDP: US$27 billion (2015, World Bank estimate)
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions: 11.0 million metric tons gross emissions in 2012 (-1.3 million metric tons net, accounting for LUCF), on a carbon-dioxide equivalent basis. Latvia’s 2016 National Inventory Report to the UNFCCC estimated 2014 emissions to be 15.6 million metric tons gross emissions (11.4 net, accounting for carbon sinks).
  • Energy use per capita: 2,159 kg of oil equivalent, 2013

Important Initiatives related to Climate Change:

INDC: As an EU member nation, Latvia’s commitment is contained within the larger European Union INDC, which commits its 28 members to a combined reduction of 40% below 1990 levels by 2030. The text of the European Union INDC can be viewed here.

NEEAP: Latvia has produced its 2016-2020 Energy Efficiency Action Plan. It can be found here (currently only in Latvian).


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Local Energy Efficiency Self-Scoring Tool, Version 3.0

September 19, 2017

This updated version of the Local Energy Efficiency Self-Scoring Tool lets you score any community’s energy efficiency efforts using ACEEE's metrics.


LEDS Energy Toolkit 2.0

November 18, 2016

A collection of leading instruments and methodologies for climate-compatible energy planning, this toolkit offers energy practitioners, policymakers, and experts a quick reference guide to some of the best-established instruments available at no or low cost

Knowledge exchange

LEDS GP - Remote Expert Assistance in LEDS

November 20, 2016

The Remote Expert Assistance in LEDS (or REAL) program provides skilled support to those beginning LEDS work.

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