Country profile



General Statistics:

  • Population: 1.96 million (2016 Population Indicators)
  • GDP: US$27 billion (2015, World Bank estimate)
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions: 11.0 million metric tons gross emissions in 2012 (-1.3 million metric tons net, accounting for LUCF), on a carbon-dioxide equivalent basis. Latvia’s 2016 National Inventory Report to the UNFCCC estimated 2014 emissions to be 15.6 million metric tons gross emissions (11.4 net, accounting for carbon sinks).
  • Energy use per capita: 2,159 kg of oil equivalent, 2013

Important Initiatives related to Climate Change:

INDC: As an EU member nation, Latvia’s commitment is contained within the larger European Union INDC, which commits its 28 members to a combined reduction of 40% below 1990 levels by 2030. The text of the European Union INDC can be viewed here.

NEEAP: Latvia has produced its 2016-2020 Energy Efficiency Action Plan. It can be found here (currently only in Latvian).


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UNEP Tools and Resource Kit on Climate Change

November 20, 2016

This collection of UNEP-developed tools is available for use by practitioners.

Regional statistics

South East Europe Power Statistics

September 19, 2017

Balkan Energy's complimentary publication including SEE, Hungary and Turkey.

Libraries and Reports

International Partnership on Mitigation and MRV Low Emissions Strategies and Plans

November 20, 2016

This website provides guidance documents and case studies specific to: NAMAs; monitoring, reporting and verification efforts; and LEDS strategies.

News and Events