Country profile



General Statistics:

  • Population: 1.32 million (2016 Population Indicators)
  • GDP: US$22.5 billion (2015, World Bank estimate)
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions: 19.2 million metric tons gross emissions in 2012 (17.2 million metric tons net, accounting for LUCF), on a carbon-dioxide equivalent basis. Estonia’s 2016 National Inventory Report to the UNFCCC estimated 2014 emissions to be 21.1 million metric tons gross emissions.
  • Energy use per capita: 4,600 kg of oil equivalent, 2013

Important Initiatives related to Climate Change:

INDC: As an EU member nation, Estonia’s commitment is contained within the larger European Union INDC, which commits its 28 members to a combined reduction of 40% below 1990 levels by 2030. The text of the European Union INDC can be viewed here.

NEEAP: Estonia has produced a National Energy Efficiency Action Plan in 2017. The Action Plan may be found here (currently only in Estonian).


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Libraries and Reports

ICLEI Urban-LEDS Guidance and Tools Library

November 20, 2016

This library focuses on central resources for practitioners beginning LEDS work.

Regional statistics

Household Carbon Footprint in EU27

July 20, 2017

This interactive map tracks household carbon footprint across regions in the EU (2006-2014).

Knowledge exchange

LEDS GP - Remote Expert Assistance in LEDS

November 20, 2016

The Remote Expert Assistance in LEDS (or REAL) program provides skilled support to those beginning LEDS work.

News and Events