Country profile



General Statistics:

  • Population: 1.32 million (2016 Population Indicators)
  • GDP: US$22.5 billion (2015, World Bank estimate)
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions: 19.2 million metric tons gross emissions in 2012 (17.2 million metric tons net, accounting for LUCF), on a carbon-dioxide equivalent basis. Estonia’s 2016 National Inventory Report to the UNFCCC estimated 2014 emissions to be 21.1 million metric tons gross emissions.
  • Energy use per capita: 4,600 kg of oil equivalent, 2013

Important Initiatives related to Climate Change:

INDC: As an EU member nation, Estonia’s commitment is contained within the larger European Union INDC, which commits its 28 members to a combined reduction of 40% below 1990 levels by 2030. The text of the European Union INDC can be viewed here.

NEEAP: Estonia has produced a National Energy Efficiency Action Plan in 2017. The Action Plan may be found here (currently only in Estonian).


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Regional statistics

Assessment of Renewable Energy Action Plan Implementation

November 20, 2016

Assessment of renewable energy action plan implementation and the progress of renewable energy in the Energy Community.

Libraries and Reports

Fossil CO2 & GHG emissions of all world countries

November 7, 2017

This publication provides a fact sheet with time series of GHG emissions from most anthropogenic activities

News and Events