Country profile



General Statistics:

  • Population: 1.32 million (2016 Population Indicators)
  • GDP: US$22.5 billion (2015, World Bank estimate)
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions: 19.2 million metric tons gross emissions in 2012 (17.2 million metric tons net, accounting for LUCF), on a carbon-dioxide equivalent basis. Estonia’s 2016 National Inventory Report to the UNFCCC estimated 2014 emissions to be 21.1 million metric tons gross emissions.
  • Energy use per capita: 4,600 kg of oil equivalent, 2013

Important Initiatives related to Climate Change:

INDC: As an EU member nation, Estonia’s commitment is contained within the larger European Union INDC, which commits its 28 members to a combined reduction of 40% below 1990 levels by 2030. The text of the European Union INDC can be viewed here.

NEEAP: Estonia has produced a National Energy Efficiency Action Plan in 2017. The Action Plan may be found here (currently only in Estonian).


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Regional statistics

Combating Climate Change in Power Generation in the Energy Community

November 20, 2016

Study on the potential to combat climate change in power generation in the Energy Community .

LEDS Newsletter

Issue1: LEDS-EEP: Sharing the Network and a Network to Share

September 4, 2017

We are delighted to present the first issue of The Weekly LEDS Newsletter. In line with our goal of building a network of knowledge sharing and ...

Trainings and webinars

Overview of the EU experience on Regional Energy Planning

November 2, 2017

Pavel Manchev outlines REP and the general practices, examples and key findings across the EU.

News and Events