Country profile



General Statistics:

  • Population: 79.8 million (2016, Turkish Statistical Institute)
  • GDP: US$717.9 billion (2015, World Bank estimate)
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions: 439.9 million metric tons gross emissions in 2012 (380.1 million metric tons net, accounting for LUCF), on a carbon-dioxide equivalent basis. Turkey’s 2016 National Inventory Report to the UNFCCC estimated 2014 emissions to be 21.1 million metric tons gross emissions.
  • Energy use per capita: 4,600 kg of oil equivalent, 2013

Important Initiatives related to Climate Change:

INDC: In its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), submitted to the UNFCCC in 2015, Turkey set a target of reducing emissions by 2030 by 21% below business-as-usual levels. The text of Turkey’s INDC can be viewed here.


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Trainings and webinars


November 15, 2017

Stefano Barberis presents the PLANHEAT tool for simulating alternative low carbon and economically sustainable scenarios for heating and cooling.

Regional statistics

South East Europe Power Statistics

September 19, 2017

Balkan Energy's complimentary publication including SEE, Hungary and Turkey.

Libraries and Reports

Energy Efficiency 2017

October 9, 2017

The Energy Efficiency 2017 report is a global tracker examining the trends, indicators, impacts and drivers of energy efficiency progress.

News and Events