Country profile



General Statistics:

  • Population: 79.8 million (2016, Turkish Statistical Institute)
  • GDP: US$717.9 billion (2015, World Bank estimate)
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions: 439.9 million metric tons gross emissions in 2012 (380.1 million metric tons net, accounting for LUCF), on a carbon-dioxide equivalent basis. Turkey’s 2016 National Inventory Report to the UNFCCC estimated 2014 emissions to be 21.1 million metric tons gross emissions.
  • Energy use per capita: 4,600 kg of oil equivalent, 2013

Important Initiatives related to Climate Change:

INDC: In its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), submitted to the UNFCCC in 2015, Turkey set a target of reducing emissions by 2030 by 21% below business-as-usual levels. The text of Turkey’s INDC can be viewed here.


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Knowledge exchange

UNEP Experts Roster

November 20, 2016

This website makes available relevant UNEP experts.

Regional statistics

Combating Climate Change in Power Generation in the Energy Community

November 20, 2016

Study on the potential to combat climate change in power generation in the Energy Community .

Libraries and Reports

LEDS Global Partnership Resources Collection

November 20, 2016

This collection contains dozens of case studies, best practices, guidance documents and products of other LEDS working groups from around the world.

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