Country profile



General Statistics:

  • Population: 79.8 million (2016, Turkish Statistical Institute)
  • GDP: US$717.9 billion (2015, World Bank estimate)
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions: 439.9 million metric tons gross emissions in 2012 (380.1 million metric tons net, accounting for LUCF), on a carbon-dioxide equivalent basis. Turkey’s 2016 National Inventory Report to the UNFCCC estimated 2014 emissions to be 21.1 million metric tons gross emissions.
  • Energy use per capita: 4,600 kg of oil equivalent, 2013

Important Initiatives related to Climate Change:

INDC: In its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), submitted to the UNFCCC in 2015, Turkey set a target of reducing emissions by 2030 by 21% below business-as-usual levels. The text of Turkey’s INDC can be viewed here.


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Trainings and webinars

Cities-LEAP approach: helping cities with energy analysis and planning

October 19, 2017

Megan Day presents the approach taken for data collection and types of analysis to inform on municipal energy planning using the Cities-LEAP Toolbox.

Trainings and webinars

LEDS GP Training resources

November 20, 2016

LEDS GP provides a variety of training materials.

Knowledge exchange

Clean Development Mechanism Pipeline

November 20, 2016

Includes the Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs/NDCs) that are submitted to the UNFCCC.

News and Events