Country profile



General Statistics:

  • Population: 79.8 million (2016, Turkish Statistical Institute)
  • GDP: US$717.9 billion (2015, World Bank estimate)
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions: 439.9 million metric tons gross emissions in 2012 (380.1 million metric tons net, accounting for LUCF), on a carbon-dioxide equivalent basis. Turkey’s 2016 National Inventory Report to the UNFCCC estimated 2014 emissions to be 21.1 million metric tons gross emissions.
  • Energy use per capita: 4,600 kg of oil equivalent, 2013

Important Initiatives related to Climate Change:

INDC: In its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), submitted to the UNFCCC in 2015, Turkey set a target of reducing emissions by 2030 by 21% below business-as-usual levels. The text of Turkey’s INDC can be viewed here.


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Regional statistics

South East Europe Power Statistics

September 19, 2017

Balkan Energy's complimentary publication including SEE, Hungary and Turkey.


LEDS Energy Toolkit 2.0

November 18, 2016

A collection of leading instruments and methodologies for climate-compatible energy planning, this toolkit offers energy practitioners, policymakers, and experts a quick reference guide to some of the best-established instruments available at no or low cost

Libraries and Reports

Low Emission Strategies Planning and Guidance Resources

November 20, 2016

These resources include guidance documents and tools from a UK-based source on low-emissions strategies.

News and Events