Country profile



General Statistics:

  • Population: 7.15 million (2015 Bulgarian Census)
  • GDP: US$48.9 billion (2015, World Bank estimate)
  • Energy use per capita: 2,327 kg of oil equivalent, 2013
  • Greenhouse gas emissions: Greenhouse Gas Emissions: 61.3 million metric tons gross emissions in 2012 (53.1 million metric tons net, accounting for LULUCF), on a carbon-dioxide equivalent basis.

Important Initiatives related to Climate Change:

INDC: As an EU member nation, Bulgaria’s commitment is contained within the larger European Union INDC, which commits its 28 members to a combined reduction of 40% below 1990 levels by 2030. The text of the European Union INDC can be viewed here.

NEEAP: Bulgaria has produced a National Energy Efficiency Action Plan. The Action Plan may be found here.


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Knowledge exchange

UNEP Climate Initiatives Platform

November 20, 2016

This UNEP platform contains information on over 200 international climate initiatives, organized by theme (e.g. finance, industry, energy and transport).

Trainings and webinars

An integrated planning framework for the development of sustainable and resilient cities (InSMART)

October 12, 2017

Rocco de Miglio and Alessandro Chiodi present InSMART, a novel step by step approach for developing city plans.

Trainings and webinars

The LEDS GP Energy Toolkit 2.0 - Leading instruments and methodologies for sustainable energy planning

September 22, 2017

Alexander Ochs presents the LEDS GP Energy Toolkit, a collection of leading instruments for low emission planning in the energy sector.

News and Events