Country profile



General Statistics:

  • Population: 7.15 million (2015 Bulgarian Census)
  • GDP: US$48.9 billion (2015, World Bank estimate)
  • Energy use per capita: 2,327 kg of oil equivalent, 2013
  • Greenhouse gas emissions: Greenhouse Gas Emissions: 61.3 million metric tons gross emissions in 2012 (53.1 million metric tons net, accounting for LULUCF), on a carbon-dioxide equivalent basis.

Important Initiatives related to Climate Change:

INDC: As an EU member nation, Bulgaria’s commitment is contained within the larger European Union INDC, which commits its 28 members to a combined reduction of 40% below 1990 levels by 2030. The text of the European Union INDC can be viewed here.

NEEAP: Bulgaria has produced a National Energy Efficiency Action Plan. The Action Plan may be found here.


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Libraries and Reports

USAID LEDS Global Climate Change Reports, Results and Data

November 20, 2016

In addition to providing reports, results and data from USAID projects, this site also contains related discussions that LEDS practitioners will find useful.

Knowledge exchange

UNEP Guide for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Laws

November 20, 2016

The Guide describes the key legal issues associated with efficiency and renewable energy resource.


World Resources Institute CAIT Climate Data Explorer database

November 20, 2016

This large, free-to-use dataset of climate data, with rich supporting visualization tools, covers numerous indicators from around the world.

News and Events