Country profile



General Statistics:

  • Population: 7.15 million (2015 Bulgarian Census)
  • GDP: US$48.9 billion (2015, World Bank estimate)
  • Energy use per capita: 2,327 kg of oil equivalent, 2013
  • Greenhouse gas emissions: Greenhouse Gas Emissions: 61.3 million metric tons gross emissions in 2012 (53.1 million metric tons net, accounting for LULUCF), on a carbon-dioxide equivalent basis.

Important Initiatives related to Climate Change:

INDC: As an EU member nation, Bulgaria’s commitment is contained within the larger European Union INDC, which commits its 28 members to a combined reduction of 40% below 1990 levels by 2030. The text of the European Union INDC can be viewed here.

NEEAP: Bulgaria has produced a National Energy Efficiency Action Plan. The Action Plan may be found here.


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Libraries and Reports

Policy instruments for low-carbon development based on work from the EUFP7 project, CECILIA2050

September 19, 2017

This collection of papers contains many of the most important insights from the research undertaken by the different CECILIA2050 project partners.

Libraries and Reports

South East Europe Electricity Roadmap - Regional Report 2017

September 21, 2017

The South East Europe Electricity Roadmap (SEERMAP) project develops electricity sector scenarios until 2050.

Libraries and Reports

Policy instruments for limiting global temperature rise to 1.5°C – can humanity rise to the challenge?

February 6, 2018

Innovative forms of market mechanisms could convince policy makers that mitigation costs are lower than expected and thus accelerate mitigation.

News and Events